2011 –

Part 1: Description.. 4

1       Introduction.. 4

2       Description of landholdings and ownership. 4

2.1         Property details and title deed information. 5

2.2         Landscape perspective. 5

2.3         Physical environment 5

2.3.1      Climate. 5

2.3.2      Topography and terrain morphology. 5

2.3.3      Geology, soils and land types. 5

2.3.4      Hydrology and aquatic systems. 5

2.4         Biological environment 6

2.4.1      Vegetation. 6

2.4.2      Mammals. 6

2.4.3      Birds. 6

2.4.4      Amphibians and reptiles. 6

2.4.5      Invertebrates. 6

2.4.6      Aquatic organisms. 6

2.5         Threats to biodiversity. 6

2.6         Socio-political context 7

2.6.1      Historical inhabitants. 7

2.6.2      Current inhabitants. 7

3       Purpose, vision and significance. 7

3.1         Significance of property. 7

3.1.1      Biodiversity plans. 7

3.1.2      Biodiversity pattern. 7

3.1.3      Ecological process. 7

3.1.4      Ecosystem goods and services. 7

3.2         Purpose. 7

3.3         Vision. 8

3.4         Mission. 8

Part 2 – Policy framework. 9

4       Legal and administrative framework. 9

4.1         Legal framework. 9

4.1.1      National Environmental Management: Protected Areas Act, 2003. 9

4.1.2      National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act, 2004. 9

4.1.3      National Environmental Management Act: EIA Regulations 2010. 9

4.1.4      National Veld and Forest Fire Act, 1998 (101 of 1998) 9

4.1.5      Conservation of Agricultural Resources Act, 1983. 10

4.1.6      Eastern Cape Parks and Tourism Agency Act, 2010. 10

4.2         Administrative framework. 10

4.2.1      Management authority. 10

4.2.2      Nature reserve advisory committee. 10

5       Protected area policy framework. 10

5.1         Guiding management principles. 10

5.1.1      Rehabilitation of disturbed vegetation. 10

5.1.2      Species introductions. 10

5.1.3      Fire management 10

5.1.4      Wetland and catchment management 10

5.1.5      Soil erosion and control 11

5.1.6      Invasive alien species management 11

5.1.7      Strategic research. 11

5.1.8      Financial and Human Resources. 11

5.1.9      Community Participation. 11

5.1.10        Community-based natural resource management 11

5.1.11        Security and safety. 11

5.2         Management objectives. 11

5.2.1      Fire management 11

5.2.2      Invasive alien plant control 12

5.2.3      Rehabilitation of disturbed vegetation. 12

5.2.4      Wetland rehabilitation. 12

6       Threat analysis. 13

7       Development plan.. 13

7.1         Eco-village. 13

7.2         Gamtkwa cultural and spiritual centre. 13

7.3         Other forms of sustainable development 13

8       Zoning plan.. 13

8.1         Eco-village zone. 13

8.2         Cultural zone. 14

8.3         Natural zone. 14

9       Restricted activities. 14

10     Costing plan.. 15

Part 3 – Monitoring and auditing.. 15

10.1       Annual audit procedure. 15

10.2       Management plan review.. 15

Part 4 – Appendices. 16

11     References. 16

12     Maps. 17

12.1       Location map. 17

12.2       Topographic map of the protected area (description map) 17

12.3       Vegetation map. 17

12.4       Zonation map. 17

12.5       Development plan map (proposed infrastructure) 17

12.6       Landscape context map. 17

13     Legal agreements. 17

14     Other documents as required : 17

14.1       Constitutions. 17

14.2       Shareholders agreements. 17

14.3       Servitude documents. 17

14.4       Landowner property guidelines. 17




Part 1: Description

1       Introduction

The Honeyville Nature Reserve is owned by Mr John Barrett and is a biodiversity stewardship site under the Eastern Cape Biodiversity Stewardship programme.

The Eastern Cape Parks and Tourism Agency (ECPTA) conducted a site assessment on 2 December 2010 to ascertain the biodiversity value of the farm. The outcomes of the site assessment were presented to the Eastern Cape Biodiversity Stewardship Review Panel.  The review panel determined that the site features exceptionally important biodiversity and that it should be eligible for status as a nature reserve in terms of Section 23 of the National Environmental Management: Protected Areas Act (Act 57 of 2003).

Subsequently,  John has entered into a biodiversity stewardship agreement with the Eastern Cape MEC for Economic Development and Environmental Affairs and the ECPTA governing the declaration and management of the Honeyville Nature Reserve. In terms of this agreement, he is assigned as the management authority for the nature reserve.

The Honeyville Nature Reserve is subject to the provisions of the Protected Areas Act.   The Act requires that the management authority for a nature reserve must,  within 12 months of the assignment,  submit a management plan for the nature reserve. The Act also stipulates the contents of such a management plan. This document, which is the foundation for management of the nature reserve,  was developed collaboratively by the Eden to Addo Corridor Initiative,  the ECPTA and Mr Barrett in fulfilment of requirements of the Protected Areas Act.

The document comprises two sections.   Section A is the Strategic Management Plan and deals with the policy environment for the management of the nature reserve.   It outlines the vision,  mission and management objectives for the nature reserve.   Part A is reviewed on a 5 year basis and is submitted to the MEC for approval. Section B is the Annual Operation Plan and deals with the operational, day-to-day management of the nature reserve.  This part decomposes the management objectives to specific management actions, with associated timeframes,  budgets and responsible parties.   This part is reviewed annually and is not submitted to the MEC.

2       Description of landholdings and ownership

A single family, the Potgieter family, had been in possession of the property from the 1820’s until recently. The family’s farming practices comprised cultivation of approximately 30 ha and also grazing of the natural veld by domestic stock.   In the more recent past,  the farm has been used for hunting.

The farm was purchased by John Barrett in 2004. The land is not considered to be a viable farming unit and John does not intend to develop any new lands for agriculture.  Instead, he wishes to develop an eco-village on the property in a way that integrates spaces for man and wildlife.   The property will feature permaculture sites around the dwellings,  with these sites slowly merging into the natural sections of the property.

Given the biodiversity value of the property and the threats facing it (such as the expansion of Humansdorp), nature reserve declaration is timely and appropriate.

2.1      Property details and title deed information

The documentation for independent title-deed on sale of property to be included.

2.2      Landscape perspective

The Honeyville Nature Reserve lies within 15 km of the coast and within 25 km of the Baviaanskloof Nature Reserve.   It falls within the planning domain for the Baviaanskloof Mega Reserve.

Honeyville is part of a corridor between the Baviaanskloof Nature Reserve and the coast, via Die Berg, which is 25 000 ha of undisturbed municipally-owned land.   Die Berg stretches to the N2 national road.   Beyond the N2, corridor continues along the Kromme River to Oyster Bay.

The Rondebos (Swart) River drains the property and finally drains into the Indian Ocean at Seekoeirivier Nature Reserve in Aston Bay (managed by the ECPTA).   The Gheis (Diep) River flows into the Kabeljous River, which drains into the ocean at the Kabeljous Nature Reserve

To the north east of the property lie a number of fenced game farms, comprising mostly natural veld.

2.3      Physical environment

2.3.1         Climate

The area is characterised by frontal weather,  leading to changeable, often overcast and moderate conditions.   Humansdorp normally receives about 470 mm of rain per year,  with rainfall occuring throughout the year.   It receives the lowest rainfall (27 mm) in January and the highest (48 mm) in August.   Seasonal variation in temperatures is generally mild.   Average midday temperatures for Humansdorp range from 18.6 °C in July to 25 °C in February.   The region is the coldest during July when the temperature drops to 7.4 °C on average during the night.   During winter the prevailing wind is westerly to south-westerly and during summer the wind is predominantly easterly.

2.3.2         Topography and terrain morphology

The property is situated on the Humansdorp coastal plain.   The relatively flat topography of the plain is broken in the vicinity of the property by a series of low hills,  the highest reaching 475 masl and by the incised channels of the Rondebos and Diep Rivers.

2.3.3         Geology, soils and land types

The geology of the area is predominantly Table Mountain Group quartzite.   The soils are often shallow and not suitable for cultivation.

2.3.4         Hydrology and aquatic systems

The Gheis River (in the north) and Rondebos River (in the south) drain the property.   Both are invaded by alien plant species, principally black wattle.

The Gheis River has water being abstracted from it by farmers upstream of Honeyville Farm and illegally within the boundary fence of Honeyville Farm.   The flow of this river is generally low, partly because of the invasive alien plants found within the riverine vegetation and partly because of upstream abstraction.   Abstracted volumes and licensing of water use need to be checked.

The Gheis River flows through a previously drained wetland on Honeyville farm. This wetland no longer functions and is targeted for restoration.

1.1      Biological environment

1.1.1         Vegetation

Across the plains and hills,  Kouga grassy fynbos (FFs 28),  with stretches of Gamtoos thicket in the drainage lines.

1.1.2         Mammals

The following species have been recorded on the property: bushbuck Tragelaphus scriptus,  common duiker Sylvicapra grimmia,  steenbok Raphicerus campestris,  grysbok Raphicerus melanotis,  porcupine Hystrix africaeaustralis,  bat eared fox Otocyon megalotis,  small-spotted genet Genetta genetta, meerkat Suricata suricatta,  Cape clawless otter Aonyx capensis, caracal Felis caracal and aardvark Orycteropus afer.

1.1.3         Birds

A list of birds known from the property has not yet been created. The following species have been noted by the landowner: fish eagle Haliaeetus vocifer,  giant eagle owl Bubo lacteus, secretary bird Sagittarius serpentarius,  Knysna lourie Tauraco corythaix,  blue crane Anthropoides paradiseus (vulnerable),  steppe buzzard Buteo buteo and jackal buzzard Buteo rufofuscus.

1.1.4         Amphibians and reptiles

A list of amphibians and reptiles known from the property has not yet been created.

1.1.5         Invertebrates

A list of invertebrates known from the property has not yet been created.

1.1.6         Aquatic organisms

A list of aquatic organisms known from the property has not yet been created.

1.2      Threats to biodiversity

The following are identified as potential threats to the natural values of the nature reserve:

  • Invasive alien plants – principally black wattle associated with the riverine systems;
  • Inappropriate fire regime – the southern boundary is shared with the local municipality and is often used by vagrants and poachers, who set fire to the veld;
  • Mining – there is a quarry located to the east of the property. This quarry intends to expand; and
  • Water abstraction – a small dam is on the boundary of the property. There are disputes about the abstraction of water by upstream users, who threaten to deplete the resource.


1.3      Socio-political context

1.3.1         Historical inhabitants

Little is known about the archaeology of the immediate area, but Stone Age artefacts have been found on the property,  linking it to some of the region’s earliest inhabitants.   The wider region is rich in archaeological sites,  including stone tools dating back 1,5 million years,  fossil bone and stone tools from the past 120 000 years, campsites and material from San and KhoiSan people dating from past the 10 000 years and human remains (Binneman 2010).

1.3.2         Current inhabitants

2       Purpose,  vision and significance

2.1      Significance of property

2.1.1         Biodiversity plans

According to the Eastern Cape Biodiversity Plan,  the property resides within Biodiversity Land Management Class 2,  which is land which should remain in near natural state,  with no further transformation permitted.

Identified within the National Protected Areas Expansion Strategy (NPAES).

This property is situated within the Baviaanskloof Mega Reserve planning domain and is an important link to this protected area.

2.1.2         Biodiversity pattern

The site is valuable for its contribution to the conservation of vegetation types.   It contributes to the biodiversity target for two Least Threatened vegetation types,  Kouga Grassy Sandstone, Fynbos and Gamtoos Thicket .

The Fourcade Botanical Group,  under the Custodians of Rare and Endangered Wildflowers (CREW) programme has recorded plants on Honeyville since 2008.  This group has identified a number of plant species of special concern on the property.  The property is thus important for the conservation of plant species of special concern.

2.1.3         Ecological process

The site is important for the conservation of two riverine corridor systems,  which allow for movement of biota.  The property is also important because of its contribution to the conservation of an upland-lowland corridor between the Baviaanskloof and the coast.  Upland-lowland corridors are proposed as measures to allow for adaptation to climate change.

2.1.4         Ecosystem goods and services

The site provides important cultural and spiritual opportunities for local people.

2.2      Purpose

The purposes for protected areas are described in Chapter 3, Section 17 of the National Environmental Management: Protected Areas Act (Act No. 57 of 2003).  The relevant purposes for the declaration of Honeyville are indicated in Table 1.

Table 1: The purposes of the Honeyville Nature Reserve

Purposes outlined in the Protected Areas Act

Expression of the purposes within the Honeyville Nature Reserve

(a) to protect ecologically viable areas representative of South Africa’s biological diversity and its natural landscapes and seascapes in a system of protected areas

To create a stepping stone between the Baviaanskloof Nature Reserve and smaller protected areas situated along the coast, including the Kabeljous Nature Reserve, Cape St. Francis Nature Reserve, Huisklip Local Authority Reserve and Seekoeirivier Nature Reserves, especially linking along these areas along drainage lines to promote the functioning of ecological processes.

(b) to preserve the ecological integrity of those areas

(c) to conserve biodiversity in those areas

(d) to protect areas representative of all ecosystems, habitats and species naturally occurring in South Africa

To protect and manage the natural vegetation found on the property, including Kouga grassy fynbos and Gamtoos riverine thicket.

(e) to protect South Africa’s threatened or rare species

For the protection of some  plant species, including: 1 endangered, 2 near threatened, 1 rare, 2 declining, three data deficient, 1 new species, and one species previously thought  to be only an Eastern Cape form of a Western Cape species, but which has now been accepted as a species in its own right

(j) to manage the interrelationship between natural environmental biodiversity, human settlement and economic development occurring in South Africa

To create a separate zone for the establishment of a sustainable, organic, permacultural site, within an existing transformed site

(k) generally, to contribute to human, social, cultural, spiritual and economic development

To collaborate and assist with the creation of a spiritual and cultural (cleansing and burial) site for the local Khoisan Gamtkwa tribe.

For the protection of a landscape of unique beauty.

(l) to rehabilitate and restore degraded ecosystems and promote the recovery of endangered and vulnerable species

To rehabilitate and maintain the Gheis and Rondebos Rivers and their associated riverine vegetation, wetlands and aquatic systems.

To rehabilitate and manage sections of the fynbos, where previously topsoil or sand had been removed

1.1      Vision

To create one of a series of significant conservation stepping stone sites between the Baviaanskloof and the ocean by incorporating a sustainable organic and permacultural enterprise and an indigenous knowledge site within a protected area.

1.2      Mission

To sustainably manage the property chiefly for its biodiversity and ecological values,  including the preservation of indigenous knowledge and in a balanced manner, to create and manage a modern,  self-sustaining permacultural village.

Part 2 – Policy framework

2       Legal and administrative framework

2.1      Legal framework

2.1.1         National Environmental Management: Protected Areas Act, 2003

The National Environmental Management: Protected Areas Act, No. 57 of 2003,  aims to provide a representative network of protected areas on state,  private and communal land and to promote the sustainable utilisation of protected areas.

The Act encourages local community participation in the management of protected areas and balances the relationship between the environment,  biodiversity,  human settlement and economic development.

The Act establishes the platform for biodiversity stewardship by creating a legal framework for cooperation between the state and landowners for the declaration and management of protected areas.

2.1.2         National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act, 2004

The National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act, No. 10 of 2004, provides planning instruments for various aspects of biodiversity conservation.  The planning tools provided for in the act are aimed at assisting provincial authorities and conservation agencies in identifying biodiversity priorities and addressing threats.  The identified tools include the National Biodiversity Framework,  bioregional plans,  biodiversity management plans, the listing of threatened and protected species or ecosystems and the control and enforcement of species and organisms posing a potential threat to biodiversity.

Section 76(1) of the Biodiversity Act states that the management authority of a protected area must incorporate into the management plan an invasive species control and eradication strategy.

2.1.3         National Environmental Management Act: EIA Regulations 2010

The National Environmental Management Act EIA Regulations of 2010 lists activities that cannot proceed without prior environmental authorisation.  Dependent on the nature of the activities and on which listing notice applies,  authorisation may require either a Basic Assessment process or a Scoping and Environmental Impact Reporting process.  It is important to note that the existence of a biodiversity stewardship agreement does not negate the requirement for environmental authorisation should the landowner or any other party wish to pursue a listed activity

2.1.4         National Veld and Forest Fire Act, 1998 (101 of 1998)

In terms of the National Veld and Forest Fire Act, No. 101 of 1998, landowners may form fire protection associations for the purpose of predicting,  preventing,  managing and extinguishing veld fires.

The Act requires landowners to prepare and maintain firebreaks on the boundaries of their lands.  The Minister may exempt any owner or group of owners from the duty to prepare and maintain a firebreak for good reason.   Furthermore,  every landowner must have equipment,  protective clothing and trained personnel for extinguishing fires and ensure that in his absence responsible persons are present on or near his or her land.

In the case of runaway fires,  if the fire spreads from a property where the landowner is a member of a fire protection association, he will be presumed innocent of negligence in terms of the Act until proven guilty.

1.1.1         Conservation of Agricultural Resources Act, 1983

The Conservation of Agricultural Resources Act, No 43 of 1983 compels landowners to control declared invader plants on their properties and makes provision for penalties for landowners who do not comply.

1.1.2         Eastern Cape Parks and Tourism Agency Act, 2010

The Eastern Cape Parks and Tourism Agency Act, No 2 of 2010, establishes the legal platform for the ECTPA. The Act also provides the mandate for biodiversity stewardship in the province to the ECPTA.

1.2      Administrative framework

1.2.1         Management authority

The landowner, Mr John Barrett, is assigned as the management authority for the Honeyville Nature Reserve.  The management authority is empowered in terms of the Protected Areas Act to make administrative and management decisions on the nature reserve,  within the framework of the Act and the biodiversity stewardship agreement.

The ECPTA will support the management of the nature reserve by providing ecological and other advice.  In additional, the ECPTA will conduct an annual audit of the implementation of the management plan, in terms of the agreement.

1.2.2         Nature reserve advisory committee

An advisory is established for the nature reserve in terms of regulations in terms of the Protected Areas Act.  This committee is composed of…

2       Protected area policy framework

2.1      Guiding management principles

2.1.1         Fire management

Fire will be managed and the landowner will become a member of the local Fire Protection Association. Unplanned man-induced fires will be fought in an attempt to extinguish them as soon as possible.

2.1.2         Invasive alien species management

No invasive alien species will be introduced to the nature reserve. An invasive species control and eradication strategy will be developed according to the requirements of Section 76 of the Biodiversity Act.

Areas will be prioritized based on density, species and other factors. Follow-up treatments will be conducted and will take priority of initial clearing.

2.1.3         Rehabilitation of disturbed vegetation

Where possible, areas on the nature reserve (e.g. sand scrapes) where vegetation has been disturbed will be rehabilitated.

2.1.4         Species introductions

No species introductions will occur for the duration of this management plan.

2.1.5         Wetland and catchment management

Work will be done to improve the catchment of the Gheis and Rondebos Rivers on the property,  by removing invasive alien plants,  rehabilitating the riverine vegetation and restoring wetlands.

2.1.6         Soil erosion and control

Measures will be implemented to halt accelerated soil erosion and to maintain the soil,  especially where excessive wash occurs on roads and tracks.

2.1.7         Strategic research

Research will be encouraged on the property,  especially around the following topics: permaculture,  alternate building methods,  organic farming methods and ecological management.

2.1.8         Financial and Human Resources

The funding for the project will arise from income generated through the permaculture and dwellings.   At present three individuals reside and work on the property.   Ultimately,  it is envisaged that this number will increase to about 15 individuals, who will provide the required labour force.

2.1.9         Community Participation

Labour and skills will be sourced,  where possible, from the local community.   This could include the following: masons,  plumbers, electricians,  thatcher’s,  invasive alien plant control teams and general labourers.

2.1.10      Community-based natural resource management

The Gamtkwa tribe will be allowed access to the property within stipulated parameters for spiritual gatherings.

2.1.11      Security and safety

Access will be controlled at access points by farm gates.  Armed response will be provided to ensure the security of buildings and inhabitants.

2.2      Management objectives

The management objectives described below have been agreed upon to sustainably manage the property primarily for its biodiversity and ecological values and to ensure the continued provision of cultural and economic values.

2.2.1         Fire management

Management objective:

To create a continuous (temporal and spatial) mosaic of burnt and unburned fynbos, with various stages of growth and structure present at any one time.

The fynbos should be managed with fire with a four to five-year cycle.

  I would guess a 10 to 12 year interval would be more appropriate?

Not all the fynbos should be burnt at any one time, so where possible a mosaic of burnt and unburnt vegetation should exist within the fynbos.   Natural fires caused by lightning should be left to burn out by themselves. 

A system of internal and boundary firebreaks will be maintained to prevent unplanned, anthropogenic fire.  Such fires will be extinguished as soon as possible..

The management authority will seek to develop agreements with neighbours on fire management.   The landowner will become a member of the local FPA,  which will seek to promote cross boundary collaboration  in fire management.

1.1.1         Invasive alien plant control

Management objective:

To systematically plan and effectively remove invasive alien plant species from the fynbos over the long term

The following species of invasive alien plants have been noted for the property,  found mainly along the drainage lines,  within the riverine vegetation: black wattle Acacia mearnsii,  grey poplar Populus canescens,  Spanish reed Arundo donax,  American agave Agave americana,  American bramble  Rubus cuneifolius,  pines Pinus spp.,  prickly pear Opuntia ficus-indica, gums Eucalyptus spp., blackwood Acacia melanoxylon,  bamboo (?), and Port Jackson willow Acacia saligna and rooikrans Acacia Cyclops.

Invasive alien plant species will be located,  identified, mapped and densities established to develop a control plan.  The management authority may engage with the upstream neighbours, to help prevent re-colonisation through waterborne seed dispersal of certain species of invasive alien plants.

Work has already started on the removal of invasive alien plants in the Gheis River catchment.   The entire length of the river will be cleared initially of all invasive alien species with two follow-up treatments within three years.   Larger trees will be ring-barked and left standing.

About of two kilometres of the Rondebos River occurs on the property.   The entire length will be cleared initially of all invasive alien species,  with two follow up treatments within three years of initiating this work.

1.1.2         Rehabilitation of disturbed vegetation

Management objective:

To rehabilitate previously disturbed areas of natural vegetation

About 10 ha of the fynbos alongside the R339 district road must be rehabilitated.  More seriously disturbed areas will be rehabilitated by flattening the earth heaps and adding suitable mulched alien plant matter to the soil with additional locally sourced planting material

1.1.3         Wetland rehabilitation

Management objective:

To rehabilitate wetlands to ensure continued functioning of ecological processes.

An attempt will be made to restore the 3-4 ha wetland along the Gheis River,  in stages,  by using sandbags and similar structures to block the uppermost existing channels and cuts.   During rain and flow events the sites most in need of additional attenuation structures (i.e. those allowing the strongest flow of water to escape from the wetland) will be identified for immediate future work.   A photographic record will be maintained of the work achieved,  along with any changes in wetland plant and animal recovery.

Both river systems will be cleared of debris and blockages,  allowing for the easy flow of water.   River crossings will be managed to help ensure that accelerated soil erosion caused by crossing vehicles does not contribute to the erosion of the banks and disrupt of water flow.

2       Threat analysis

3       Development plan 

3.1      Eco-village

An eco-village will be developed, comprising:

  1. A permaculture village with a maximum of six houses;
  2. A medicinal plant nursery;
  3. Sustainable architecture offices, by converting an existing barn;
  4. A spa and indoor pool, by converting an old building;
  5. A yoga centre integrated workshop space;
  6. Seven staff housing units;
  7. Housing for Workers on Organic Farms, Africa (WOOFA).

The development sites are accommodated in the zoning plan and comprise less than 10 % of the property (about 40 ha of 792 ha).

3.2      Gamtkwa cultural and spiritual centre

A draft agreement to provide a cultural and spiritual site for the Gamtkwa tribe has been developed.   However, the implementation of this agreement will depend on discussions with the Gamtkwa people.

In terms of this agreement, the landowner has agreed to assist the Gamtkwa tribe create a Khoisan cultural centre on a portion of the property to south of the R332 district road. This cultural centre will include a parking area, a cleansing area and an authentically-built traditional village.  In addition, the landowner has obtained a permit for burial grounds and grave units on the property and proposes to rebury the remains of two individuals (including the Goedgeloof skeleton) uncovered from an archaeological dig at St Francis Bay. This will become a sacred burial site situated on top of a slight rise which has a line of sight to the ocean and the Baviaanskloof.

The management of the cultural centre according to the agreement will be handed over to the Gamtkwa tribe.

3.3      Other forms of sustainable development

The landowner will consider a number of sustainable developments and activities, possibly including a guesthouse, conference facilities, permaculture seed reserve, a medicinal plant project, selling surplus organic crops and investigation of alternative and sustainable building methods. The landowner has indicated that he will pursue partnerships with academic institutions and learning centres.

4       Zoning plan

The nature reserve is divided into three zones,  the eco-village zone,  the cultural zone and the natural zone.

 The guidelines for management stuff below is not required for this section – can go in as part of the appendices (e.g. fire management fact sheets)

“This can be achieved by burning soon after a recent rain event, when not all of the fuel has become dry. What will burn is left to burn and what will not burn is left unburnt.”

 Should this not be “should not be extinguished but should be contained within the boundaries of the property,  in order to simulate the natural fire regime,  unless there is an agreement in place with neighbouring properties or the FPA?”

Is the property not too small to allow for a natural fire regime?  Or will it form part of how the landscape be managed for fire.

Provided that no infrastructure or property / neighbour’s property’s is threatened?

A partnership with WfW?

Might need to provide more strict parameters here, e.g. in terms of which species are used for rehabilitation

 I’ve moved the development stuff away from the management objectives section to the development plan section

 Need to ensure some consistency – mission talked about 3 zones (as reflected here), but then had 4  zones (development zone, natural zone, aquatic zone, special resource protection or use zone). My suggestion will be to keep it as simple as possible, hence the three zones here.  I’m not sure there is a need to separate the natural and aquatic zones.

1.1      Eco-village zone  

This zone is where the permaculture gardens,  dwellings and associated infrastructure will be developed.

1.2      Cultural zone

 The primary purpose of this zone is to allow for the development of cultural and spiritual activities on the nature reserve.   This is where the Khoisan cultural and spiritual sites will be located.

1.3      Natural zone    

The primary purpose of this zone is biodiversity conservation.   This is a low-intensity utilisation zone and no substantial development will take place in this zone.

2       Restricted activities

The activities listed in Table 2 are restricted on the conserved area by virtue of its nature reserve status and the provisions of the biodiversity stewardship agreement.

Table 2: Restricted activities


Applicable legislation / agreement

No unauthorised buildings or other structures in the natural zone. (application procedure)

Protected Areas Act

No ploughing, cutting, ripping of any indigenous vegetation, ecosystems or habitats on the natural zone.

National Environmental Management Act, as amended. Biodiversity Act.

No mining on the nature reserve

Protected Areas Act, Property Rates Act

No rubbish dumping natural zone.

Biodiversity stewardship agreement

No act that adversely affects biota on the natural zone,

Protected Areas Act

No introduction of invasive alien plants in the nature reserve.

Biodiversity Act

No introduction of non-indigenous or extra-limital fauna on the nature reserve

Biodiversity Act

No destruction or removal of indigenous flora in the natural zone, except for seed collection for restoration projects or where prior agreement has been obtained in terms of the agreement

Biodiversity stewardship agreement

No hunting on the nature reserve, unless this is catered for by management plan.

Biodiversity stewardship agreement, Cape Nature Conservation Ordinance, 1974

No activities which may adversely affect the natural state, flow, supply, quantity or quality of any water resource located in the nature reserve.

National Water Act 1998

No operation of, any trade, industry or business on the natural zone, unless provided for in the management agreement.

Protected Areas Act

No placement of any transmission lines, telecommunication lines, cellular towers or public works in the natural zone.

Biodiversity stewardship agreement

No subdivision of the nature reserve.

Biodiversity stewardship agreement

No motorcycles or four-wheel drive vehicles in the natural zone unless their use is necessary for management or provided for in the management plan

Biodiversity stewardship agreement

No public access to the natural zone unless otherwise catered for in the management plan.

Protected Areas Act

3       Costing plan

An estimate of the costs to implement the management plan is provided in Table 3.

Table 3: Costing plan

Management objective






Fire management          
Invasive alien plant control          
Rehabilitation of disturbed vegetation          
Wetland rehabilitation          
Total:         [e3] 


Part 3 – Monitoring and auditing

3.1      Annual audit procedure

The management of the nature reserve will be audited by the ECPTA on an annual basis. The foundation for the audit will be the annual schedule of management activities contained in Part B of the management plan.

3.2      Management plan review

The SMP will be reviewed every five years.   This will provide an opportunity to review the management objectives and whether they are still appropriate in order for the vision and mission to be achieved.


Part 4 – Appendices

4       References


Binneman, J. 2010. An archaeological desktop study for the proposed Happy Valley wind energy facility,  Kouga Municipality, Humansdorp district,  Eastern Cape province.   East Cape Heritage Consultants Report,  Jeffrey’s Bay.

1       Maps

1.1      Location map

1.2      Topographic map of the protected area (description map)

1.3      Vegetation map

1.4      Zonation map

1.5      Development plan map (proposed infrastructure)

1.6      Landscape context map


2       Legal agreements


3       Other documents as required :

3.1      Constitutions

3.2      Shareholders agreements

3.3      Servitude documents

3.4      Landowner property guidelines



  1. ipad 3 says:

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  2. Jean Brown says:

    This sounds fantastic, we are very interested in buying into this, could you please email me with more info. We may be barking up the wrong tree but we are looking to live, plant,grow veggies, herbs, chickens? and build an eco friendly sandbag (or similar) house on plot.


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